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Pakistan's Internet Voting Experiment

Hina Binte Haq  , Ronan McDermott  , and Syed Taha Ali 

Abstract. Pakistan recently conducted small-scale trials of a remote Internet voting system for overseas citizens. In this contribution, we report on the experience: we document the unique combination of sociopolitical, legal, and institutional factors motivating this exercise. We describe the system and it’s reported vulnerabilities, and we also highlight new issues pertaining to materiality. If this system is deployed in the next general elections —as seems likely —this development would constitute the largest enfranchised diaspora in the world. Our goal in this paper, therefore, is to provide comprehensive insight into Pakistan’s experiment with Internet voting, emphasize outstanding challenges, and identify directions for future research.

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