Multilevel Governance Processes. Citizens & Local Budgeting: Comparing Brazil, China, & The United States
AIMEE FRANKLIN University of Oklahoma,
USA DALE KRANE University of Nebraska at Omaha,
USA & CAROL EBDON University of Nebraska at Omaha, USA
© International Review of Public Administration 2013, Vol. 18, No. 1
Modifications to policymaking processes and actors are crucial whentransitioning to multilevel governance. Civic engagement in budgetingprocesses, where crucial policy decisions are determined, is an importantcomponent of shared governance. Understanding the new roles for citizensin the budget process, then, can extend our knowledge of multilevelgovernance. This research explores the ways in which the budget processincorporates citizen participation to foster an ideal of civil society in theUnited States, Brazil, and China. The comparative case analysis probes theextent to which institutional changes have occurred, why they haveoccurred, and the degree to which municipal budget processes arecharacterized by multilevel governance.